A Study on the Development of an Attitude Scale Towards the Use of PowerPoint in Classroom

Sakıp KAHRAMAN, Durmuş ÖZBAŞI, Muzaffer ÖZDEMİR

Abstract


The research was designed to develop a reliable and valid instrument that would serve to measure undergraduates’ attitude towards PowerPoint (PP), which is used as a teaching tool in classrooms. The data needed for reliability and validity analysis were collected from students enrolled at a middle-sized university in the northwestern Turkey. To determine construct validity of the instrument, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted using the data from 341 students and a 26-item three-factor model was extracted. Then, the 26-item three-factor model obtained from the EFA was cross-validated by performing Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) on the data from a different group of 303 students in the same population and the results revealed acceptable model fits. Reliability coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha) for the whole scale was found to be .96. The results indicated that the instrument was sufficiently reliable and valid to measure undergraduates’ attitudes towards PP, used as a teaching tool in classrooms.


Keywords


PowerPoint, attitude scale, validity and reliability

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.434168

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