English Education Needs of the Preparatory School Students

Fulya Kurtuluş, Zeki Arsal


The aim of this study is to define needs of the students who studied at English Preparatory school at a university located at the Black Sea region of Turkey and registered Faculty of Science and Letters (FSL) where medium of instruction is English. For that purpose, a mixed method design is employed. Total 7 students and 5 professors participated in the study. While focus group interview was conducted with the students, professors were interviewed separately at FSL and the language needs of the students are sought out. The results revealed that the students lack in communicative skills -speaking and listening-, and academic vocabulary in their field. Speaking, listening and academic vocabulary are recommended to be focused on more at School of Foreign Languages before the students register to FSL.



Needs Analysis, English as a Foreign Language, English Preparatory School, Language Teaching, English as a Medium of Instruction

Full Text:



Akpur U., Alıcı B., Karataş H.(2016). Evaluation of the Curriculum of English Pre-paratory Classes at Yildiz Technical University using CIPP model. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (7), 466-473

Brown, J. D. (1995). The Elements of Language Curriculum. Massachusetts: Heinle & Heinle Publishers

Creswell, John W. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications,

Demirtaş İ., Sert N.(2010) English Education at University Level: Who is at the Centre of The Learning Process?. Novitas-ROYAL (Research on Youth and Language), 4 (2) 159-172.

Edwards, N. (2000). Language for Business: Effective Needs Assessment, Syllabus Design and Materials Preparation in a Practical ESP Case Study. English for Specific Purposes 19, 291-296.

Ekici, N. (2003). A Needs Assessment Study on English Language Needs of The Tour Guidance Students of Faculty of Applied Sciences at Başkent University: A Case study; (Unpublished master’s thesis). Department of Educational Scienc-es, METU. Ankara.

Ekiz D. (2013). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık ,

English, F. V., Kaufman, R. A. (1975). Needs Assessment: a Focus for Curriculum Development. Assciation for Supervoision and Curriculum Development, Alex-andria: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Gökdemir C.M. (2005). Üniversitelerimizde Verilen Yabancı Dil Öğretimindeki Başarı Durumumuz. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, Atatürk Üniversitesi 3, 251-264.

Harmer J. (1998). How to Teach English? (2nd edition). Harlow: Pearson ELT.

Harmer, J. (1998). How to Teach English. Harlow: Pearson Education LTD.



Karataş H, Fer S (2011). CIPP Evaluation Model Scale: Development, Reliability and Validity. Proc. Soc. Behav. Sci. 15, 592-599.

Kayı, H. (2008). Developing an ESL Curriculum Based on Needs and Situational Analysis: as case study; Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 4 (1), 30-49.

Koçer Ö. (2013). Investigating the Beliefs of Turkish as a Foreign Language Learn-ers After Target-Culture Integrated Language Courses. Pegem Eğitim ve Öğretim Dergisi, 3(2), 25-36. doi:10.14527/V3N2M3

McKıllıp, J. (1987). Need Analysis Tools for the Human Services and Education. London: Sage Publications.

Morse, JM. (2003). A Review Committee's Guide to Evaluating Qualitative Pro-posal. Qualitative Health Research 13(6), 833-851.

Ocak G., Kuru N., Özçalışan H. (2010). As a Classroom Language, Students’ Atti-tudes Towards Speaking Turkish in English Prep Classes. Procedia Socail and Behavioral Sciences 2, 661-665

Queeney, D. S. (1995). An Essential Tool for Quality Improvement- Assessing Needs in Continuing Education. New York: Jossey Bass Inc.

Rıchards J. C., Patt J., Weber H. (1985). Longman Dictionary of Applied Linguistics. London: Longman

Stufflebeam, D. C., Cormick, H., Nelson, C. O., Brinkerhoff, R. O. (1985). Con-ducting Educational Need Assessments. Boston: Kluwer – Nijhuff Publishing.

Stufflebeam, D. L. (1995). Evaluation of Superintendent Performance: Toward a General Model. McConney (Eds), Toward a Unified Model of Educational Per-sonnel Evaluation. Kalamazoo: Western Michigan University Evaluation Center.

Tavil, Z. M. (2006). The Reading Needs of The Students’ at Hacettepe University English Preparatory School. GÜ, Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 26 (3), 207-221

Tunç, F. (2010). Evaluation of an English Language Teaching Program at a Public University Using CIPP Model. (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Middle East Technical University, Ankara.

Yılmaz C. (2005). The Students’ Competence in Using Foreign Language As a Means of Communication In The English Department. Erzincan Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 7(1), 15-23

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24106/kefdergi.2319


  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License  
 Kastamonu Eğitim'de yayınlanan tüm içerik ve makaleler "Creative Commons Alıntı 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı" ile lisanslanmıştır.