Pre-service Teachers’ Beliefs towards Technology Integration: Technology Adapting Implementation Questionnaire (TIQ) into Turkish



The purpose of the study is to adapt the scale termed as “Technology Implementation Questionnaire (TIQ) Section I” been developed by Wozney, Venkatesh and Abrami (2006) into Turkish. Firstly, the permission was gotten from the researchers and process of language validity was completed by making translation. Participants of the study were 423 university students who were studying at education faculty. To test existing theoretical structure of the scale, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was implemented. Results of CFA showed that the structure wasn’t confirmed. Then, data set was evaluated and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was implemented. Two-factor model explained 57.48% of total variance was obtained. This structure was tested with second DFA and the model was confirmed with excellent fit indices. In process of item analysis, total item correlation coefficients and differences of  27% upper and 27% lower quantiles were determined. Internal consistency coefficient was evaluated to determine reliability of the scale. According to analysis results, 6-point Likert-type scale in two-factor structure that composes of 12 items was acquired. In this context, it was reached the conclusion that Turkish adaption of the scale was valid and reliable.  


technology integration, belief, adapting scale.

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