Positive-Negative Perfectionism as Predictors of Loneliness among Secondary School Students

Ali Karababa

Abstract


The aim of this study was to examine relationship between loneliness and positive-negative perfectionism among secondary school students. The data of the study was obtained from a total of 358 secondary school students (169 famele-189 male), who were accepting to participate in the research voluntarily, during 2016-2017 academic year. This research was carried out by using relational survey model. In the study, scales were used as data collection tools as follows: “Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale” and “UCLA Loneliness Scale”. The analyses were tested with the help of SPSS 16.0 package program. It was seen that there is negatively relationship between positive perfectionism and loneliness; there is positively relationship between negative perfectionism and loneliness. The results of the study show that positive perfectionism is negatively predictor of loneliness; negative perfectionism is positively predictor of loneliness among secondary school students. 


Keywords


Loneliness, positive perfectionism, negative perfectionism

Full Text:

PDF (Türkçe)

References


Brennan, T. (1982). Loneliness at Adolescences. In L. Peplau, D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research and Therapy, (pp. 269-290). New York. John Wiley.

Burger, J. M. (2006). Kişilik. (çev. İ. D. E. Sarıoğlu). İstanbul: Kaknüs Yayınları.

Burns, D. D. (1980). The Perfectionist Script for Self-Defeat. Psychology Today, 41, 34-51.

Chang, E. C., Hirsch, J. K., Sanna, L. J., Jeglic, E. L., Fabian, C. G. (2011). A Preliminary Study of Perfectionism and Loneliness as Predictors of Depressive and Anxious Symptoms in Latinas: A Top-down Test of A Model. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(3), 441.

Cheng, H., Furnham, A. (2002). Personality, Peer Relations, and Self-Confidence as Predictors of Happiness and Loneliness. Journal of Adolescence, 25, 327-339.

Comerchero, V., Fortugno, D. (2013). Adaptive Perfectionism, Maladaptive Perfectionism and Statistics Anxiety in Graduate Psychology Students. Psycology Learning and Teaching, 12(1), 4-11.

De Jong Gierveld, J. (1998). A Review of Loneliness: Concept and Definitions, Determinants and Consequences. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, 8, 73-80.

De Jong-Gierveld, J., Tilburg, T. V., Dykstra, P. A. (2006). Loneliness and Social Isolation. In Vangelisti, A. & Perlman, D. (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of personal relationships (pp. 485-500). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Demir, A. (1989). U.C.L.A. Yalnızlık Ölçeğinin Geçerlik ve Güvenilirliği, Psikoloji Dergisi, 7(23), 14-18.

Enns, W. M., Cox, B. J., Clara, I. (2002). Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism: Develop-mental Origins and Association With Depression Proneness. Personality and Individual Diffe-rences, 33, 921-935.

Gnilka, P. B., Ashby, J. S., Noble, C. M. (2011). Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism as Mediators of Adult Attachment Styles and Depression, Hopelessness, and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Counseling & Development, 91, 78-86.

Frost, R. O., Marten, P. A., Lahart, C., Rosenblate, R. (1990). The Dimensions of Perfectio-nism. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 14, 449-468.

Hawkley, L. C., Burleson, M. H., Berntson, G. G., Cacioppo, J. T. (2003). Loneliness in Everyday Life: Cardiovascular Activity, Ppsychosocial Context, and Health Behaviors. Jour-nal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 105-120.

Hewitt, P. L., Flett, G. L. (1991). Perfectionism in The Self and Social Contexts: Conceptualiza-tion, Assessment, and Association With Psychopathology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 465-470.

Karataş-Karayel, G. (2011). Ergenlerde yalnızlığın yordayıcısı olarak mükemmelliyetçilik. Ya-yımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Muğla Üniversitesi, Muğla.

Keldal, G., Atli, A. (2016). University Students’ Personality Traits as Predictors of Their Lone-liness Levels, Çukurova Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 45(2), 131-146.

Kırdök, O. (2004). Olumlu ve olumsuz mükemmeliyetçilik ölçeği geliştirme çalışması. Yayım-lanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Çukurova Üniversitesi, Adana.

Kong, F., You, X. (2013). Loneliness and Self-Esteem as Mediators Between Social Support and Life Satisfaction in Late Adolescence. Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 271-279.

McWhirter, B. T. (1990). Loneliness: A Review of Current Literature with Implications for Counseling and Research. Journal of Counseling and Development, 68, 417-422.

Erol-Öngen, D. (2009). The Relationship Between Perfectionism and Aggression among Ado-lescents. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1, 1073-1077.

Page, R. M., Yanagishita, J., Suwanteerangkul, J., Zarco, E. P., Mei-Lee, C., Miao, N. F. (2006). Hopelessness and Loneliness Among Suicide Attempters in School-Based Samples of Taiwanese, Philippine and Thai Adolescents. School Psychology International, 27(5), 583-598.

Park, Y., Chang, E. C. (2004). Perfectionism and Loneliness as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms: A Test of An Integrative Model. Journal of Young Investigators, 10(1).

Peplau, L. A. (1985). Loneliness Research: Basic Concepts and Findings. In I. G. Sarason & B. R Sarason (Eds.). Social Support: Theory, Research andAapplications (pp. 269-286). Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Peplau, L. A. (1988, June). Loneliness: New directions in research. Proceedings of the 3rd National Conference on Psychiatric Nursing. Montreal: Quebec.

Peplau, L. A., Perlman, D. (1982). Perspectives on Loneliness. In L. A. Peplau & D. Perlman (Eds.). Loneliness: A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research and Therapy (pp. 1-18). New York: Wiley.

Perlman, D., Peplau, L. A. (1981). Toward A Social Psychology of Loneliness. In S. Duck & R. Gilmour (Eds.). Personal Relationship in Disorder (pp. 31-55). London: Academic Press.

Perlman, D., Peplau, L. A. (1984). Loneliness Research: A Survey of Empirical Findings. In L. A. Peplau & S. Goldston (Eds.). Preventing the Harmful Consequences of Severe and Persis-tent Loneliness (pp. 13-46). U.S. Goverment Printing Office.

Perlman, D., Peplau, L. A. (1998). Loneliness. Encyclopedia of Mental Health, 571-581.

Rubenstein, C., Shaver, P. (1982). The Experience of Loneliness. In L. A. Peplau & D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research and Therapy (pp. 206−223). New York: Wiley.

Russell, D., Peplau, L. A., Cutrona, C. E. (1980). The Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: Con-current and Discriminant Validity Evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(3), 472-480.

Russell, D., Peplau, L. A., Ferguson, M. L. (1978). Developing A Measure of Loneliness. Journal of Personality Assessment, 42(3), 290-294.

Santrock, J. W. (2012). Ergenlik (14. baskı). (çev. edit. Didem Müge Siyez). Ankara: Nobel Yayıncılık.

Santrock, J. W. (2014). Yaşam Boyu Gelişim (13. baskı). (çev. edit. Galip Yüksel). Ankara: Nobel Yayıncılık.

Slaney, R. B., Rice, G. K., Mobley, M., Trippi, J., Ashby, J. (2001). The Revised Almost Perfect Scale. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 34, 130-144.

Teppers, E., Klimstra, T. A., Van-Damme, C., Luyckx, K., Vanhalst, J., Goossens, L. (2013). Personality Traits, Loneliness, and Attitudes Toward Aloneness in Adolescence. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 30(8), 1045-1063.

Vanhalst, J., Klimstra, T. A., Luyckx, K., Scholte, R. H. J., Engels, R. C. M. E., Goossens, L. (2012). The Interplay of Loneliness and Depressive Symptoms Across Adolescence: Explo-ring The Role of Personality Traits. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 41, 776-787.

Wang, K. T., Yuen, M., Slaney, R. B. (2009). Percetionism, Depression, and Life Satisfaction A Study of High School Students in Hong Kong. Counseling Psychologist, 37(2), 249-274.

Weiss, R. S. (1973). Loneliness: The Experience of Emotion and Social Isolation. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Yaacob, S. N., Juhari, R., Talib, M. A., Uba, I. (2009). Loneliness, Stress, Self-Esteem and Depression among Malaysian Adolescents. Jurnal Kemanusiaan Bil. 14, Dis, 85-95.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License  
 Kastamonu Eğitim'de yayınlanan tüm içerik ve makaleler "Creative Commons Alıntı 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı" ile lisanslanmıştır.